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10.1 Habitat Regulations Assessments have been completed for
Colchester Borough Council's Section 1 Local Plan and Section 2
Local Plan. Both of these assessments identified that the
in-combination effects of the Section 1 and Section 2 Local Plans
(including the cumulative effects of the Section 2 allocations),
together with neighbouring local planning authorities Local Plans
and neighbourhood plans are likely to adversely affect the
integrity of European designated nature conservation sites[i]
10.2 In view of that Colchester Borough Council is working with
ten other Greater Essex local planning authorities, and Natural
England, on a Recreational disturbance Avoidance and Mitigation
Strategy (RAMS) for the Essex coast. RAMS is a strategic solution
to protect the Essex coast from the recreational pressures of a
growing population. A RAMS is usually driven by challenges and
opportunities arising from planning issues. RAMS generally applies
more broadly than at a single designated European site, provides
strategic scale mitigation and enables the development of a
generic approach to evidence collection and use.
10.3 Financial contributions will be sought for all residential
development, which falls within the zones of influence, towards a
package of measures to avoid and mitigate likely significant
adverse effects in accordance with policy SP2b of the Shared
Strategic Section 1 Plan and policy ENV1 (Environment) of the
Section 2 Colchester Borough Local Plan. This includes development
allocated in Neighbourhood Plans within Colchester Borough.
Details of the zones of influence and the necessary measures will
be included in the Essex Coast RAMS Supplementary Planning
10.4 In the interim period, before the Essex Coast RAMS is
completed, proposals within the zones of influence for
recreational disturbance to European sites will need to carry out
a project level Habitat Regulations Assessment and implement
bespoke mitigation measures to ensure that in-combination
recreational disturbance effects are avoided and/or mitigated.
Recreational disturbance Avoidance and Mitigation
RAMS 1 - All residential development within the
zones of influence of European Sites will be required to
make a financial contribution towards mitigation
measures, as detailed in the Essex coast RAMS, to avoid
adverse in-combination recreational disturbance effects
on European Sites.
In the interim period, before the Essex Coast RAMS
is completed, all residential development within the
zones of influence will need to deliver all measures
identified (including strategic measures) through
project level HRAs, or otherwise, to mitigate any
recreational disturbance impacts in compliance with the
Habitat Regulations and Habitats Directive.
Colne Estuary Special Protection Area and Ramsar, Blackwater
Estuary Special Protection Area and Ramsar and Essex Estuaries
Special Area of Conservation